Numerous dams have been built along the Nile river. The famous Aswan Dam and Merowe Dams, are probably those which caused the greatest and irreparable damage to the environment and cultural heritage of the region in the coming years.

These dams have submerged almost 2000 archaeological sites, monuments and villages causing irreparable damage to the numerous cultures that have sprung up along its course.

The papers below provide an introduction to the impact of dams on cultural heritage along the Nile river.

Cunliffe, E. L., De Gruchy, M. W., & Stammitti, E. 2012. How to Build a Dam and Save Cultural Heritage. International Journal of Heritage in the Digital Era, 1(1_suppl), 221-226.

Kleinitz, C., & Näser, C. 2011. The loss of innocence: political and ethical dimensions of the Merowe Dam Archaeological Salvage Project at the Fourth Nile Cataract (Sudan). Conservation and Management of Archaeological sites, 13(2-3), 253-280.

N. Marchetti, A. Curci, M. Gatto, S. Nicolini, S. Muhl and F. Zaina 2019. A Multiscalar Approach for Assessing the Impact of Dams on the Cultural Heritage in the Middle East and North Africa, Journal of Cult. Her. 37, 17-28.