Dams are a controversial and contested tool for economic development. Although these massive infrastructures provide immediate economic benefits, in the medium and long term their destructive impact on the environment and cultural heritage is pervasive and irreversible. The majority of monuments, archaeological sites and cultural landscapes impacted by dams are lost forever.

Concerns about the substantial damages that dams caused worldwide to the cultural heritage and the insufficient commitment of archaeologists, heritage experts and authorities have been raised. The papers below provide an introduction to the impact of dams on cultural heritage. The papers below provide an introduction to the impact of dams on cultural heritage along the Turkish Euphrates river.

Cunliffe, E. L., De Gruchy, M. W., & Stammitti, E. 2012. How to Build a Dam and Save Cultural Heritage. International Journal of Heritage in the Digital Era, 1(1_suppl), 221-226.

N. Marchetti and F. Zaina 2018. Cultural Heritage. Dams and Archaeology in South-eastern Turkey. In, Culture and Conflict. Understanding Threats to Heritage, Copenhagen, Orbis, 28-35.

N. Marchetti, A. Curci, M. Gatto, S. Nicolini, S. Muhl and F. Zaina 2019. A Multiscalar Approach for Assessing the Impact of Dams on the Cultural Heritage in the Middle East and North Africa, Journal of Cult. Her. 37, 17-28.

N. Marchetti, G. Bitelli, F. Franci and F. Zaina 2020. Archaeology and Dams in Southeastern Turkey: Post-Flooding Damage Assessment and Safeguarding Strategies on Cultural Heritage, Journal of Medit. Arch. 33, 29-54.