Convention on Means of Prohibiting and Preventing the Illicit Import, Export and Transfer of Ownership of Cultural Property
Before the 1970 UNESCO convention, the illegal trade of ancient artifacts was prevalent among the trade of drugs and weapons.
From 1964 onwards UNESCO, together with many state governments worked to improve national and international policies to preserve important historical and culturally significant objects.
The 1970 convention represents the first major result of those efforts.
THE THREE PILLARS OF THE CONVENTION
The fight against illicit trafficking cannot be effective without collaboration. Article 9 commits States Parties to participate in any international operation. It provides for the possibility of the negotiation of bilateral treaties, or the control of the export, import and international trade of cultural property.